Foundations of Freedom
Episode 8: The Bible, Competition and Choice

Bible and Socialism

Early America and Socialism

The Pilgrims

Early America and Indian Relations

Economic and Social Competition

Bible Verses Mentioned
Bible and Socialism:

What is a kibbutz?
See definitions of kibbutz from various dictionaries.

Sermons on socialism
L. A. Gotwald, The Divine Rule Concerning Giving. Or The Christian Use of Property. A Sermon (York, PA: S. H. Spangler, 1877).

Bishop Gerald Kennedy, Communism in the Churches (c. 1960).
Early America and Socialism:

What was the result of the Pilgrims experiment with socialism?
William Bradford, History of Plymouth Plantation (Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1856), pp. 134-136.

Jamestown experiment with socialism & free market
Jared Sparks, The Library of American Biography (Boston: Hilliard, Gray, and Co., 1834), Vol. II, p. 318, “Life and Adventures of Captain John Smith, by George S. Hilliard”; Andrew C. McLaughlin and Claude H. Van Tyne, History of the United States for Schools (D. Appleton and Co., 1916), Vol. I, p. 46.

Edward King, The Southern States of North America: A Record of Journeys (London: Blackie & Son, 1875), p. 621.
The Pilgrims:

The painting of the Pilgrims in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda
“Embarkation of the Pilgrims,” Architect of the Capitol.

Were there supposed to be more Pilgrims coming to America after the initial group?
“About the Pilgrims: Holland,” Pilgrim Hall Museum.

Did the Pilgrims land where they had planned on going?
“The Voyage of the Mayflower & Speedwell,” Pilgrim Hall Museum.

How many Pilgrims survived their first winter in America?
“The Pilgrims’ Landing in America,” Pilgrim Hall Museum.

Did the Pilgrims purchase land from the Indians?
James Thacher, History of the Town of Plymouth, from its First Settlement in 1620 to the Present Time (Boston: Marsh, Capen & Lyon, 1832), p. 145.

What was a long-lasting treaty between the Indians and Pilgrims?
See, for example, “Apr 1, 1621: The Pilgrim-Wampanoag peach treaty,” History.

When did slaves first arrive in America?
W. O. Blake, The History of Slavery and the Slave Trade (Columbus: J. & H. Miller, 1858), p. 98.

How did the Pilgrims react when slaves arrived in their colony?
W. O. Blake, The History of Slavery and the Slave Trade (Columbus: J. & H. Miller, 1858), pp. 370-371.
Early America and Indian Relations:

What were early American colonies that purchased land from Indians?
George Bancroft, History of the United States, from the Discovery of the American Continent (Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1866), Vol. I, p. 351.

G. H. Hollister, The History of Connecticut, From the First Settlement of the Colony to the Adoption of the Present Constitution (New Haven: Durrie & Peck, 1855) pp. 96, 11.

Jeremy Belknap, The History of New Hampshire (Dover, NH: George Wadleigh, 1862), p. 6.

An example of a land deed from early America
1769 Indian Land Deed in the WallBuilders Library.
Economic and Social Competition:

Deng Xiaoping & the Chinese market economy
See, for example, “Deng Xiaoping,” Encyclopedia Britannica; “Deng Xiaoping,” Biography

England embraced free market
See, for example, Dylan Matthews, “A look back at Margaret Thatcher’s economic record,” The Washington Post, April 8, 2013; Tejvan Pettinger, “Economic Impact of Margaret Thatcher,” EconomicsHelp, April 19, 2013.

Mexico City marathon
See, for example, “Peruvian runner wins Mexico City Marathon for second time,” andina, September 1, 2014; “Peru’s Long Distance Runners Win Mexico City Marathon,” andina, August 26, 2013.

Worldwide educational attainment
See, for example, education rankings from 2012 from National Center for Education Statistics.

U.S. falling behind in education (1983)
The National Commission on Excellence in Education, An Open Letter to the American People: A Nation at Risk: The Imperative For Educational Reform (April 1983), p. 5.

Voucher program in Washington, D.C.
“Our Story,” D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program.

Lindsey Burke, “In D.C. Public Schools Struggle to Woo Students,” The Daily Signal, July 7, 2014; Emma Brown, “Private-school vouchers go to about 300 D.C. students,” The Washington Post, August 4, 2012.

Charter schools in Minnesota
“Resources on Minnesota Issues: Charter Schools,” Minnesota Legislative Reference Library, September 2014.

How many Americans are on food stamps?
“SNAP/ Food Stamp Participation,” Food Research and Action Center.

Forced conversions in the Dark Ages
See, for example, “Theodosius I,” Encyclopedia Britannica; “The Origin of the Church of England,” Religion Facts; Dr. Peter Lodberg, “Church & State through History,” WSCF Europe, August 13, 2012; “Wars of Religion,” Encyclopedia Britannica; “The Spanish Inquisition,” Enforex.

Montesquieu: Number one quoted source for the Founders (besides the Bible)
Donald S. Lutz, The Origins of American Constitutionalism (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1988), p. 142, Table 2.

Montesquieu: Islam vs. Christianity
Charles Montesquieu, The Spirit of Laws (London: J. Nourse, 1750), Vol. II, pp. 147-149.
Bible Verses Mentioned:

1 Kings 18:20-24.

Daniel 1:8-16.

Matthew 16:24.

Mark 8:34.

Luke 9:23.

Luke 19:11-27.

Acts 5:1-4.
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