Born in Atlanta in 1929 into a family of preachers, both his father and grandfather were ordained ministers of the Gospel. At the age of fifteen, he entered Morehouse College, then Crozer Theological Seminary, before earning his doctorate at Boston University. 
While pastoring the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama, King was chosen as leader of Montgomery’s Bus boycott, a movement begun by the Rosa Parks incident in 1955. During this time, his house was firebombed, and he was arrested. 
He continued to advance the non-violent Civil Rights movement, and in 1964 won the Nobel peace prize for his work, becoming (at 35 years old) the youngest recipient of this award. 
The Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights was an organization he worked closely with in Birmingham.  Below is their Ten Commandments Pledge that each member signed upon joining. Nine of these ten should still be followed by every citizen today!